In this paper I address the process that I call "othering," a specific process of differentiation that human beings sometimes employ in relation to each other in an effort to establish a distance between them. Often this is done within an asymmetrical relation, most notably through asymmetries of power, which is why a study of othering is a crucial component of the phenomenology of oppression. This concrete phenomenology revitalized the studies already conducted by Sartre in his later work that have largely fallen into neglect. In particular I attempt to show othering cannot be adequately understood on the basis of a philosophy of autonomous individuals but must be approached in terms of an understanding of collective identities.
Bernasconi, R. (2012)., Othering, in J. Jansen (ed.), Critical communities and aesthetic practices, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 151-157.
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