The conclusion to this study comprises two parts. The first highlights and explains the differences between the receptions of phenomenology among French philosophers and religious thinkers prior to 1939 on the basis of their respective Cartesian and Aristotelian foundations and the static versus dynamic orientations of their respective epistemologies. The second part briefly surveys the subsequent history of the reception of phenomenology in France, focusing especially on the two principal phenomenological currents that have had an impact upon contemporary French religious thought, namely the hermeneutical style of phenomenology developed by Paul Ricoeur and the radical strain advanced by Jean-Luc Marion . Their respective approaches mark the displacement of the concerns shared by earlier religious thinkers in France who turned to phenomenology to bolster or redefine their understandings of the nature and development of dogma and the act of faith and to affirm the existence of God. On the other hand, because Marion recognizes that Aquinas's theology does not belong to the type of onto-theology he rejects, a basis for a fruitful encounter between Thomism and phenomenology may be more possible now than it was in 1932, when the Société thomiste organized a day of study to explore the possibilities for such a rapprochement.
Full citation [Harvard style]:
Dupont, C. (2014). Conclusion, in Phenomenology in French philosophy, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 319-333.
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