Socratic and platonic sources of cognitivism
Before we can decide whether Socrates is to blame for cognitivism, we need to understand what cognitivism is and what is wrong with it. Consequently this paper has three parts: A brief account of cognitivism, supporting the claim that cognitivism treats all mental activity on the model of thinking through a problem; a phenomenological description of skill acquisition that seeks to show that expertise does not normally involve thinking at all; and a tentative foray into the history of philosophy which suggests that the source of the distorted view of expertise characteristic of cognitivism can already be found in Plato's account of Socrates's philosophizing, although its implications fully emerge only in Plato's own philosophy.
Dreyfus, H.L. (1991)., Socratic and platonic sources of cognitivism, in J. Smith (ed.), Historical foundations of cognitive science, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 1-17.
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