Nikolai Lossky's reception and criticism of Husserl
Nikolai Lossky is key to the history of the Husserl-Rezeption in Russia. He was the first to publish a review of the Russian translation of Husserl's first volume of the Logische Untersuchungen that appeared in 1909. He also published a presentation and criticism of Husserl's transcendental idealism in 1939. An English translation of both of Lossky's publications is offered in this volume for the first time. The present paper, which is intended as an introduction to these documents, situates Lossky within the Rezeptionsgeschichte of Husserl in Russia and explains why he is central to it. It also explains what Lossky principally found in Husserl: he saw in the latter's critique of psychologism support for his own ontology, epistemology, and axiology. Lossky characterizes his ontology as an ideal-realism. According to ideal-realism, both the realm of ideal beings (in Plato's sense) and the realm of real beings (i.e., the world of becoming) are mind-independent. Per his epistemology, which he calls "intuitivism," real beings are intuited by sensual intuition and ideal beings by intellectual intuition. The realm of ideal beings includes the subrealm of values, which is intuited by axiological intuition. This thoroughly realist conception contrasted sharply with the subjectivist tendencies of the time. So, when Lossky took cognizance of Husserl's critique of psychologism, he thereupon found an ally in his battle against the various subjectivisms. But, when Husserl took the transcendental idealist turn, Lossky was at the forefront of the backlash against the new direction Husserl wanted to give to phenomenology.
Tremblay, F. (2016). Nikolai Lossky's reception and criticism of Husserl. Husserl Studies 32 (2), pp. 149-163.
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