Freud and the mind-body problem
There is little consensus in the scholarly literature on Freud's position concerning the mind-body problem. Opinion is divided as to whether Freud was a dualist or a materialist. Amongst the advocates of the dualist interpretation, some scholars hold that Freud advanced an epiphenominalist view of the mind.20 Others claim that he was a psycho-physical interactionist.21 Still others take Freud to have been a psycho-physical parallelist22. Amongst advocates of the materialist interpretation, most describe Freud as an identity theorist of an unspecified kind.23 Others describe him as having settled on a token identitytheory.24 A few argue that Freud's position shifted over time.25
Smith, D.L. (1999). Freud and the mind-body problem, in Freud's philosophy of the unconscious, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 20-32.
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