Le cœur transcendantal de la sociabilité
corps et jugement à l’origine de la théorie de la reconnaissance de Fichte
Considering J. G. Fichte’s texts from his period in Jena, I discuss the insertion of the second person in the transcendental structure of judgement and its relations to the embodiment of the self. Recognition of the other and embodiment are not a result of experience, but a priori elements without which experience is not possible. For this purpose, I address the following points: (1) freedom and objective experience are interdependent concepts; (2) the theory of the ‘thetic’ judgement, exposed in the Grundlage of 1794/95, is the demonstration of the previous point; (3) in order to reflect and to be self-conscious, the I must posit a passive element for itself and in itself; (4) the passivity required by the reflective determination of the I, named ‘determinability’, is the I’s body; (5) the I is thus always a body, where its will expresses itself immediately; (6) the determinability has also the form of a plural ‘spiritual’ world of recognition; (7) Fichte’s theory of self-consciousness connects systematically the theories of judgement, human freedom, objective experience, embodiment and intersubjectivity. As a conclusion, I argue that Fichte’s theory of intersubjective recognition has not only a normative, but also a metaphysical or ontological scope.
Ferrer, D. (2018). Le cœur transcendantal de la sociabilité: corps et jugement à l’origine de la théorie de la reconnaissance de Fichte. AUC Interpretationes 8 (1), pp. 12-26.
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