Socrates, Christ, and Buddha as "political" leaders
Seen from a Machiavellian point of view politics is usually considered as necessarily involving both (1) violence as a dimension of open struggle and (2) cunning as a complementary more indirect way to access instituted power. Though conflicts are regulated and controlled by laws that result from a common and historical elaboration, strength and domination, on the one hand (the "lion"-side), and manipulation and hypocrisy, on the other hand (the "fox"-side), constitute major features of political action upon the world.1 In that respect, Carl von Clausewitz formulated quite truly how much "war is but politics prosecuted through other means."2
Depraz, N. (2000)., Socrates, Christ, and Buddha as "political" leaders, in K. Thompson & L. Embree (eds.), Phenomenology of the political, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 121-132.
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