The affective turn
This chapter is the beginning of an innovative turn in the context of philosophy of self-consciousness. The remainder of this book will explore what affectivity can contribute to the challenges of self-consciousness as presented above. Both the Heidelberg School and Zahavi/Gallagher repeatedly point to the potential of understanding self-consciousness as an affective phenomenon. Their views are briefly introduced in this chapter. Zahavi and Gallagher use the term 'self-affection" to acknowledge the fact that that since experience is temporal and embodied, it includes pre-reflective self-awareness. Also, Zahavi examines the role of specific emotional experiences such as shame and their role in interpersonal encounter. Henrich presents notions of "happiness", "misery" and "gratefulness' that are not mere short-term, object-oriented emotions but general, fundamental, affective perspectives on our lives. Frank re-introduces the notion of 'self-feeling" from the romantic tradition and finds that it is surprisingly similar to his own account of pre-reflective, non-propositional self-consciousness. Ulrich Pothast introduces a whole network of concepts including 'sense" and "inner ground". These contributions suggest that our most fundamental way of being in this world is affective.
Kreuch, G. (2019). The affective turn, in Self-feeling, Dordrecht, Springer, pp. 49-57.
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